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Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Size: Males weigh 8 to 9 pounds; while females weigh 10 to 14 pounds.
Diet: The primary diet for bald eagles is fish.
Reproduction: Their huge nests—the largest nests of any North American bird—are typically 5-6 feet wide and 2 feet deep.

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Barn Owl

Tyto alba

Size: Weight ranges from 1 to 1.5 lbs.
Diet: Barn owls are strictly night hunters and feed on a variety of small mammals and, rarely, small birds.
Reproduction: Clutch sizes are large with three to 11 white eggs laid.

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Bobwhite Quail

Colinus virginianus

Size: 5 – 6 oz (140 -170 g)
Diet: Weed and grass seeds, waste grain, flower parts, soft mast (fruits), and insects constitute their diet which varies with the season.
Reproduction: Clutch size, or the number of eggs per nest, usually averages around 12 eggs.

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Northern Cardinal

Cardinalis cardinalis

Size: 8 to 9 inches long from the tip of its bill to the tip of its tail.
Diet: Wide variety of food consisting mainly of insects, seeds, grains and fruits.
Reproduction: The average number of eggs laid by the female is three or four.

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Loggerhead Shrike

Lanius ludovicianus

Size: 7.9–9.1 in (20–23 cm)
Diet: Shrikes have a diverse diet that includes beetles, grasshoppers, wasps, spiders, mice, voles, house sparrows, snakes and frogs.
Reproduction: The female lays 4 to 8 eggs in a bulky cup made of twigs and grass.

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Pandion haliaetus

Size: Females are typically 3.5 – 4.5 lbs. and males are 3.25 – 4.25 lbs.
Diet: The osprey’s main prey is fish.
Reproduction: Average clutch size is 3, range is 1-4.

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Owls - Nocturnal Neighbors


Size: Owls have unique feathers. They are designed with frayed, feathery ends, allowing silent flight.
Diet: Owls hunt mostly small mammals, insects, and other birds, although a few species specialize in hunting fish.
Reproduction: Owls tend to nest in cavities.

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Peregrine Falcon

Falco feregrinus

Size: Adult birds are 15 to 20 inches tall.
Diet: Prefer medium-sized birds such as pigeons, starlings, grackles and shorebirds.
Reproduction: The female typically lays three to four eggs and provides most of the incubation.

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Red-Breasted Nuthatch

Sitta canadensis

Size: 4.5 in (11 cm)
Diet: Insects, occasionally even fly catching, while in the winter, it switches to conifer seeds.
Reproduction: The female lays 2–8 eggs (usually 5–6).

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Ruffed Grouse

Bonasa umbellus
Size: Males are 17.5 – 26.5 oz (500-750g) and females are 16 – 21 oz (450 – 600g).
Diet: Grouse eat a wide variety of foods from tree buds to insects.
Reproduction: An average of 11 antique white eggs are laid in April and hatch in 24 days.
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Sandhill Crane

Antigone canadensis

Size: Sandhill Cranes stand 3 feet tall and have a wingspan of 6 feet.
Diet: Seeds, grains, berries, nuts, tubers, small vertebrates, and small invertebrates.
Reproduction: They usually lay 1-3 eggs, once a year.
Listen to Migration

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Eastern Screech Owl

Megascops asio

Size: Males are 6-7.5 inches tall and females are 7-10 inches tall.
Diet: Insects, reptiles, small mammals such as bats and mice, and small birds.
Reproduction: These birds are monogamous, with biparental care.

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Turkey Vulture

Cathartes aura

Size: Length of 62–81 cm (24–32 in)
Diet: Wide variety of carrion, from small mammals to large grazers, preferring those recently dead, and avoiding carcasses that have reached the point of putrefaction.
Reproduction: Females generally lay two eggs, but sometimes one and rarely three.

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Size: Smaller than a package of chewing gum or a candy bar.
Diet: Bug-eaters
Reproduction: All in all, some 20 of the 30-plus warblers that migrate through will stop in Indiana to breed.

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Whooping Crane

Grus americana

Size: Can reach up to 5 feet tall.
Diet: Crabs, clams, frogs, aquatic plants, insects, seeds, berries, snakes
Reproduction: The female lays 1 or 2 eggs, usually in late-April to mid-May.

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Wild Turkey

Meleagris gallopavo

Size: 100–125 cm (39–49 in) in length
Diet: Mixed diet that incudes wild fruits, acorns, herbaceous plant materials (green leaves, roots, tubers), and seeds.
Reproduction: Nests may contain seven to 20 eggs, but the average is about 12.

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Size: 7.5 cm (3.0 in) in length to 50 cm (20 in) in length
Diet: Some species vary their diet with fruits, birds' eggs, small animals, tree sap, human scraps, and carrion.
Reproduction: A clutch usually consists of two to five round, white eggs.

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