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Mission Statement

The Cardiovascular Health and Diabetes Section's mission is to reduce the burden of diabetes in Indiana through data surveillance, health communications, health systems development, and development and implementation of community interventions and programs.


The Cardiovascular Health and Diabetes Section's vision is a state where the public is fully aware of the impact of diabetes; all patients with diabetes are receiving high quality care wherever they are in the state regardless of race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status; and patients with diabetes enjoy the best quality of life possible.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects of insulin production, insulin action, or both. Diabetes can lead to serious complications and premature death, but people with diabetes can take steps to control the disease and lower their risk of complications. Nearly 90% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes are Type 2, whereas between 5-10% are Type 1.

Different types of diabetes. 

Symptoms of Diabetes

  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss
  • Lack of energy
  • Excessive thirst

Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes

  • Aged 45 years or older
  • Lack of exercise
  • Overweight
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Family history

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Become physically active
  • Avoid tobacco
  • Have blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol checked regularly