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Medicaid Fraud & Patient Abuse

The Indiana Medicaid Fraud Control Unit (MFCU) of the Office of the Attorney General was certified on June 24, 1982 to investigate fraud involving providers that intentionally defraud the state's Medicaid program through fraudulent billing practices. The MFCU also investigates allegations of patient abuse, neglect, and exploitation in facilities receiving payments under the Medicaid program, such as nursing homes, facilities for the mentally and physically disabled, and assisted living facilities.  The MFCU employs a professional staff of criminal investigators, auditors, attorneys and support staff who work together to develop investigations and prosecute cases. The MFCU works regularly with federal, state and local law enforcement agencies to combat fraud, protect our most vulnerable citizens and to save taxpayer dollars.

The MFCU investigates the following:

  1. Medicaid provider fraud
  2. Misuse of Medicaid recipients’ funds
  3. Patient abuse and neglect in Medicaid facilities

To report Medicaid fraud click here.

Medicaid Fraud

Medicaid Fraud occurs when a Medicaid provider or supplier knowingly:

  • Bills Medicaid for a service or product not actually provided to the patient
  • Uses an improper code to bill Medicaid for a higher priced service or product when a lower priced service or product was provided
  • Bills Medicaid for non-covered services by describing them as covered services
  • Misrepresents a patient’s diagnosis or condition and/or bills Medicaid for a service or product that is not medically necessary
  • Falsifies medical records or supporting documentation
  • Receives or gives a kickback (money or some other thing of value) for referral of a Medicaid patient for medical services or products
  • Falsifies a physician’s certificate of medical necessity
  • Bills Medicaid for drugs dispensed without a lawful prescription
  • Creates false employee time sheets and bills Medicaid for services not rendered

Whistleblower Act (False Claim Act)

Fraud in the health care and pharmaceutical industries costs taxpayers millions of dollars a year through false claims sent to the Medicaid program. When Medicaid is made to reimburse medical or prescription claims that are false or fraudulent, all taxpayers lose because their money has gone into the pockets of fraudsters.

Medicaid fraud can be exposed and stopped if employees are willing to step forward and report it to the authorities. Becoming a whistleblower to help combat fraud takes courage. Workers who know about fraud might be understandably reluctant to report it out of fear of job retaliation, long-term financial consequences or difficulty in finding new employment elsewhere.

Fortunately, the law is on the whistleblower’s side.

A whistleblower who reports fraud on a government contract and helps file the case may be entitled to collect from 10 - 30 percent of the monetary damages the company pays – which in some cases can be millions of dollars.

Federal and state laws also protect whistleblowers from discrimination and employment retaliation for coming forward and reporting illegal activity.

Employees in health care and pharmaceutical companies often are in the best position to know if fraud is taking place. Salespeople might be pressured to offer kickbacks to doctors to prescribe drugs for an unapproved use. Coders might be told to input false information into bills. Accountants might know if a company has tried to improve its bottom line by claiming larger reimbursements than it’s entitled to. Anyone in a company might become aware of Medicaid fraud, which occurs whenever taxpayers are billed for something the program does not cover.


A whistleblower must file a private lawsuit, called a qui tam suit (pronounced “key tam”) against the company under the False Claims Act. In effect, the whistleblower files suit on behalf of taxpayers. The private lawsuit is a necessary step in order for the state and federal governments to investigate the fraud case and intervene.

While the government investigates the fraud, the case is sealed. If the government intervenes, the case is unsealed and can go to trial or proceed to settlement. The federal and state governments typically will negotiate with the company that committed fraud to work out a monetary settlement that will rectify the illegal activity and reimburse the taxpayers. A whistleblower in turn would receive a percentage of that settlement money -- or, if the case goes to trial, a percentage of any damages the Court orders the company to pay.

As with any legal case, a resolution is not immediate. It is not uncommon for several years to pass between the whistleblower filing the sealed lawsuit and the ultimate conclusion of the case.

There is no guarantee of a large monetary reward. In some cases, companies have had to pay multimillion-dollar settlements and in turn, whistleblowers received millions of dollars. In other cases, companies paid settlements in the six figures and whistleblowers received thousands.

Those interested in becoming whistleblowers should contact a private attorney who specializes in bringing lawsuits under the False Claims Act. This should be done separately from reporting the fraud to other authorities.

Regardless of whether or not your intent is to pursue becoming a whistleblower, Medicaid fraud can be reported to the Attorney General’s Medicaid Fraud Control Unit by calling 800.382.1039 or report on-line by clicking here.


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